Publications & lectures about Nagorno Karabakh


Hratch Tchilingirian (2003) The Struggle for Independence in the post-Soviet South Caucasus: Karabakh and Abkhazia. (London: Sandringham House, 2003).

Chapters / journal articles / lectures

Hratch Tchilingirian (2023) “Reverse Engineering: A State-Created ‘Albanian Apostolic Church’” in Caucasian Albania. An International Handbook. Edited by Jost Gippert and Jasmine Dum-Tragut. Berlin, Boston: De Gruyter, 2023: 581-609,

Hratch Tchilingirian (2021) "Nagorno-Karabakh: War Fails to Resolve the Conflict", The Cambridge Journal of Law, Politics, and Art (CJLPA), Issue 1, Summer 2021: 398-400.

Hratch Tchilingirian (2021) "Religion in a Non-Religious War: The Conflict over Nagorno Karabakh", Strategic Note on Religion & Diplomacy (Georgetown University), May 2021, pp. 8-10.

Hratch Tchilingirain (2021) "Christians in Karabakh. The rich religious heritage in Artsakh from 4th to 21st century” (lecture video), Diocese of the Armenian Church in the United Kingdom and Ireland, 12 May 2021.

Hratch Tchilingirain (2020), "Crisis in the Caucasus: Nagorno Karabakh" (lecture video). University of St. Andrews La Fayette Club, 9 November 2020.

Hratch Tchilingirain (2020) "Christianity in Karabakh: Azerbaijani Efforts At Rewriting History Are Not New", EVN Report, 22 November.

Hratch Tchilingirian (2020) "Karabağ’da Hristiyanlık: Azerbaycan’ın Tarihi Yeniden Yazma Çabaları Yeni Değil",, 9 December 2020.

Hratch Tchilingirian (2018) [Christianity in] “Armenia and Karabkah” in Christianity in North Africa and West Asia (edited by Kenneth R. Ross, Mariz Tadros, Todd M. Johnson). Edinburgh Companions to Global Christianity 2. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. 198-201.

Hratch Tchilingirian (2005) “New Structures, Old Foundations. State Capacities for Peace”, Accord. An International Review of Peace Initiatives. Issue 17.

Hratch Tchilingirian (1999) “Nagorno Karabagh: transition and the elite”, Central Asian Survey, 18(4).

Hratch Tchilingirian (1998) “Le conflit du Haut-Karabagh provoque des changements majeurs en Arménie”, Nouveaux Mondes, No. 8, Été. Centre de Recherches Entreprises et Sociétés, Geneva.

Hratch Tchilingirian (1997) “Religious Discourse and the Church in Mountainous Karabakh 1988-1995”, Revue du monde arménien moderne et contemporain (Paris) 3.


Hratch Tchilingirian (2000) “Psychological Welfare. Healing the Emotional Scars of the Karabakh War”, Armenian International Magazine, January. “Savaş çocuklarının gȍzüyle”, Agos, 19 Ocak. 

Hratch Tchilingirian (1999) “The Istanbul Summit: Fifty-Four Nations Discuss Regional Security and Conflicts”, Armenian International Magazine, December.

Hratch Tchilingirian (1999) “Back In Karabakh. Diocese of Artsakh Celebrates 10th Anniversary of Re-establishment”, Armenian International Magazine, October.

Hratch Tchilingirian (1999) “From Activism to Diplomacy. Karabakh finds a place in the geostrategic architecture of the Caucasus”, Armenian International Magazine, April.

Hratch Tchilingirian (1999) “Berg-Karabach: Die Außenpolitik im Wandel”, Armenisch-Deutsche Korrespondenz (ADK), No. 103, Heft 1; No. 104, 1999, Heft 2.

Hratch Tchilingirian (1998) “Aliyev Invites Kocharian. Global Strategies Shape Regional Developments”, Groong: Review & Outlook, August 14.

Hratch Tchilingirian (1998) “Current Social, Economic and Political Situation in Nagorno Karabakh. Interview with Karen Ohanjanian”, ANN/Groong, March 31.

Hratch Tchilingirian (1998) “Political Crisis in Armenia. Armenia faces its first major post-Soviet leadership change”, Groong: Review & Outlook. February 6.

Hratch Tchilingirian (1997) “Nagorno Karabakh: A Time for Thoughtfulness?”, War Report, No. 56, November.

Hratch Tchilingirian (1995) “Karabakh: Edging Towards the Big Agreement”, War Report, No. 34, June.

Hratch Tchilingirian (1997) “Karabakh: Internationalising the Enclave”, War Report, No. 50, April.

Hratch Tchilingirian (1997) “Armenia: Rebooting the Political Hard Drive”, War Report, No. 50, April.

Hratch Tchilingirian (1996) “Armenia/Azerbaijan: Nagorno-Karabakh Impasse”, Oxford Analytica, December 6.

Hratch Tchilingirian (1996) “On Campus in Karabakh”, Armenian International Magazine, April.

Hratch Tchilingirian (1995) "Interview with Emma Gabrielyan, Secretary of the Parliament of Mountainous Karabakh", Nairi (Beirut), 4 November.


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Azeri and Armenian Sociologists Find Potential for Peacebuilding (2004)

Azeri and Armenian Sociologists Find Potential for Peacebuilding

Tbilisi, Georgia, July 28, 2004

 A joint study by Armenian and Azeri sociologists shows that the people in both countries would support more concerted efforts by their governments to normalize relations and move toward settlement of territorial disputes. The study was designed to determine the possibilities for reconciliation among the people of the two countries.


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Report: Spotlight on Azerbaijan (2012)

The Foreign Policy Centre's new publication, Spotlight on Azerbaijan (London 2012), brings together the analysis of 12 leading experts on Azerbaijan to look at the key human rights and governance issues in Azerbaijan including democratic development, rule of law, media freedom and property rights, while examining the impact of its international relationships, the economy and the unresolved Nagorno-Karabakh conflict on domestic issues.


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President Heidar Aliyev addresses parliament on Karabakh (2001)

Azeri President Heidar Aliyev addresses parliament on Karabakh

23 February, 2001, Azerbaijani TV, Channel One. 

[see PDF version]


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Gorbachev on Karabakh (1996)

Excerpts from his <Memoirs>

Mikhail Gorbachev, Memoirs. New York and London: Doubleday, 1996. 


In February 1988 the population of the Nagorno-Karabakh autonomous oblast (which was 85-per-cent Armenian) of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic demanded that it be made a part of the Armenian Soviet Social Republic. A resolution was passed by the oblast Soviet and immediately supported by thousands of people at demonstrations and meetings in Armenia. These demonstrations were carried out in an organized way, without excesses. The marches carried large posters supporting perestroika and glasnost. Law-enforcement agencies only maintained order, without taking stronger measures—anyway, there was little they could have done against this sea of people.

[see PDF file for more extensive excerpts]


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1988: RFE/RL Reports on Soviet Armenia & Soviet Azerbaijan

1988 (January-December) Radio Free Europe - Radio Liberty REPORTS on Karabakh, Soviet Armenia and Soviet Azerbaijan, by Elizabeth Fuller and others. 

[78 pages, see PDF version]


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1963: Appraisal of the Communist Formula 'National in Form, Socialist in Content'

"An Appraisal of the Communist Formula 'National in Form, Socialist in Content' with Particular Reference to Soviet Armenia"

Vahakn N. Dadrian

The Armenian Review, Vol. 16, No. 3-63, Autumn, September 1963

[see PDF version]


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1902: History of Aghvank (Caucasian Albania)

«Պատմութիւն Աղուանից» Մակար Եպս. Բարխուտարեանց

[Patmutyun Aghvanits. History of Aghvank (Caucasian Albania) by Bishop Makar Parkhutaryan]

Vagharshapat, 1902

[see entire book in PDF version]

This book is the first volume of two studies by Bishop Makar Parkhutariants about Karabakh, which provides valuable historical and ethnographic  information about the region.  Barkhudariants lived in the 19th century and was originally from Karabakh. He writes about his extensive travels in the regions of historical Aghvank and Artsakh, providing detailed description of the people, their customs, rituals, monuments of historical value , etc.  The second volume of his work, the Land of Aghvank and its Neighbours: Artsakh was republished in 1999 by Vem in Yerevan.  


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